There are more than 100 types of arthritis, including:
- Osteoarthritis, an age-related degenerative joint disease.
- Rheumatoid arthritis, an inflammation of the joint lining that results in excess fluid.
- Traumatic arthritis, due to injury, which can lead to damaged joint cartilage.
- Other forms of arthritis, such fibromyalgia, or related disorders, such as gout.
The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which affects more than 27 million Americans. Osteoarthritis breaks down the protective cartilage between your joints and bones. Without this cushion, there’s more wear and tear on your joints. This results in swelling and damage to bones, joints and tissues.
TreatmentTo determine treatment options, our arthritis experts will consider your level of pain, which joints are affected and the damage involved, along with personal factors such as your lifestyle and level of activity. Most treatment plans include a combination of exercise, weight control, joint protection, physical and occupational therapy, and medications. In some instances, your doctor may recommend surgery.
Physical and Occupational Therapy
- Arthroscopic surgery. Using tiny instruments and a high-definition camera connected to a monitor, your surgeon can examine the inside of your joint. The surgeon can also take tissue samples, remove loose cartilage, repair tears, smooth a rough surface and remove diseased synovial tissue (most often used in knee and shoulder surgery). In some cases, arthroscopic hip surgery can help avoid or delay the need for a more extensive surgery, such as hip replacement.
- Osteotomy. This surgery can be an alternative to partial or total knee or hip joint replacement when just one side of a joint is damaged. The surgeon cuts and reshapes the bone. This can improve stability and relieve stress and pressure on the affected area by redistributing the weight on your joint. People with hip or knee osteoarthritis in only one joint or who are too young for a joint replacement may benefit most from this procedure.
- Joint fusion. During this procedure, the surgeon removes the damaged joint and fuses the two bones on each side of the joint. This is done more often in areas where joint replacement isn’t effective. Specialists at El Camino Hospital have advanced expertise in spinal fusion.
- Joint replacement surgery (arthroplasty). If your mobility is severely limited, replacing the joint may help. This typically involves removing the damaged joint, relining of the ends of bones and replacing the old joint with a new artificial joint. Knee and hip joints are most commonly replaced, but artificial joints are also available to replace shoulders, elbows, fingers and ankles.
Talk to Someone
Inquire about services or get a physician referral. Our call-back and chat services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Tools & Resources
There’s a lot you can do to keep yourself healthy. Check out these quizzes and articles to find out how much you know and learn more about your health.